religion, art, music
The economic landscape.
A foundation of the district was the farming of hill and valley with hardy native cattle and sheep. Mining for metals and slate, once important, has declined. Now, forestry with mixed species of conifer has clothed many hills; farming faces ever-new economic challenges as market and government influence its structure, and tourism has achieved notable significance. Services and shops together employ many.
Native oak, disused slate mines, conifer plantations, pasture (P Laverty).
Local iron smelting once used coppiced oak woodland as a renewable fuel resource, and there was significant trade in tanbark into more recent times. People spun the native wool and wove woollen cloth. Vessels of shallow draft could reach upriver to within 2½m. or so of Machynlleth, and slate and lead from the hinterland were exported by that route.
The expansion of slate mining in the 1800's built villages like Corris
(narrow gauge railway museum - check opening times)
In 1863 the main line railway came, linking Machynlleth to the national network and, as a distributor of products of the new industrial age, radically changing the availability of goods and produce and thus modifying local employment.